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雅思(IELTS)口语part3话题—environment

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  1.Tell me about some of the environmental problems that are affecting countries these days?

星际备用网址多少钱  2.Do you think that governments around the world are doing enough to tackle the problems?

  3.Why do some people not consider environmental problems to be serious?
 

  1. Tell me about some of the environmental problems that are affecting countries these days?

  这个题目看起来应该是非常好说的,环境问题,大家应该多少都是知道一些的。题目要求说some,我们大概说两个就差不多了。每个环境问题,我们可以把它的起因,现状和影响都陈述一下,回答的内容一定会是很充分的。下面列举一些常见的问题和对应的思路表达。

 

星际备用网址多少钱  全球变暖:global warming/ temperature rise/ carbon emission/ ice glaciers and caps melt/ sea level rise/ fishing industry/ residents living in coastal areas

星际备用网址多少钱  空气污染:air pollution/ exhaust from cars and factories/ burning of fossil fuels

星际备用网址多少钱  水污染:water/ ocean pollution/ chemical runoff/ untreated sewage

星际备用网址多少钱  白色污染:white pollution/ plastic bags/ non-biodegradable materials

星际备用网址多少钱  水土流失:soil erosion/ soil fertility decrease

  乱砍乱伐:deforestation/ unbalance ecosystem/

星际备用网址多少钱  下面也给大家一个范例回答:

  The most serious pollution that is widely discussed these days is global warming. With the increasing carbon emission and the loss of ozone layer, the global temperature is on the rise, which makes the ice glaciers and caps melt and the sea level increase. Therefore, many coastal areas have been flooded and people living there become displaced.

 

  2. Do you think that governments around the world are doing enough to tackle the problems?

  我个人觉得,比较真实的回答应该是没有的。因为如果有的话,其实这些问题就不会存在了,或者得到很好的缓解。而事实是,很多问题不但没有改善,而且还在恶化。那么,显然,政府做得还不够。I think governments have not done their best to deal with the environmental problems.

  下面就说说为啥:

  很多环境问题,比较宏观,影响面非常的广,根本没法一时半会解决,甚至根本不太可能解决。

  Many enviro星际备用网址多少钱nmental problems are affecting very large areas, so that they cannot by dealt with in a short time or be tackled by one country.

  以中国为例,为什么我们对于一些污染治理不够?因为,星际备用网址多少钱经济的发展,很多时候,不可避免地会造成环境的破坏。比如我们这几年非常流行的雾霾的天气,其实就是工业高速发展的一个必然产物。当年伦敦也是一样的。所以,如果要做到绝对的杜绝污染,所有的排放物不能有一点的脏东西,那么,很多的产业就会收到严重的影响,经济会有巨大的打击。

  Also, take China as an example, if we impose strict rules on reducing the emission and on forcing factories to release their waste with no harmful material at all, many of the industries will be influenced. The local industry will be damaged.

  比如星际备用网址多少钱,如果全部环保,都用电动的,那么很多人都买不起星际备用网址多少钱了,那么人们的出行,星际备用网址多少钱的基本效率的保持,都会收到严重的影响。

  If we want to co星际备用网址多少钱ntrol the air pollution in the cities and replac all the existing cars with the electricity cars, many of the car users cannot afford buying cars and the productivity of the society will be reduced because they all have to take public transport instead.

  法律制定的得不是很完善,有些问题没有被写到法律中去。

  The current legal system is not perfect, many of the urgent issues have not be included in the law.

星际备用网址多少钱  法律的处罚措施太轻,不能起到约束的作用。比如我乱扔垃圾,通常是没有人回来阻止我,或者罚款的。及时罚款,可能就5块钱,10块钱。那么,下次,我可能还会扔垃圾。假设,扔垃圾一定会被捉到,每次罚款5千,我想我这辈子都不会再丢垃圾了。

  The punishment of the laws is not strict enough to restrict people from violating laws. For example, if the factory emits some chemical waste, they may not be immediately fined or only a small amount of money which is comparable to their benefit they make.

星际备用网址多少钱  相关环保法规的宣传力度不够,或者我们都知道要绿色出行,要绿色星际备用网址多少钱的方式,但是,到底怎么绿色,用什么方法,其实我们并不知道,所以,政府应该多做一些宣传片,或者星际备用网址多少钱里面增加相关的课程,去指导人们绿色环保。

  There is limited publicity of the environmental regulations. We may have some basic idea of law carbon lifestyle, but we fail to live that way because we are not told about how to live enviro星际备用网址多少钱nmental friendly or how to recycle and reuse all the waste materials. The authority should make more videos and booklets to tell people the detailed steps in becoming greener in life.

 

  3. Why do some people not consider environmental problems to be serious?

  原因如下:

星际备用网址多少钱  有些环境问题属于抽象宏观型,如果落实到某一个人的某一天的星际备用网址多少钱的话,没有很的明显的体现。比如全球变暖,温度确实在上升,但是具体到某一天,温度的变化几乎是微不足道的。甚至我们整体来看这十几年,其实平均温度也没有增加多少,可能只有零点几度而已。

  Some of the enviro星际备用网址多少钱nment issue is too broad, if we view it from a daily basis in a small region, there is almost no sign of how the problem affects daily life. For example, we all know the complexity and seriousness of global warming, but for any single day, we may fail to experience an obvious temperature rise.

星际备用网址多少钱  很多问题离我们很远,比如沙漠化,我们只有当沙尘暴吹过来的时候才有体会,平常就不会想这件事情。

  Many issues are far away from wher we normally live, such as desertification. only when we are affected by sandstorm can we realize the seriousness of the problem.

  还有就是,我们觉得星际备用网址多少钱的发展可以完全解决这些问题。

星际备用网址多少钱  We may think that the advance in technology can greatly resolve all these problems.

  或者我们觉得这些都是政府的工作,他们已经或者一定会管理的,跟我们是没有关系的。

  We may think that the protection job is the responsibility of the central government. Ordinary people can do very little thing in these matters.

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